Why does it go by ur last month's period ?

Krystal • TTC baby number 2. Aubrey Lynn October 2015 .hairstylist, wife, puppy mom
So by my last month's period 8m 6 weeks 4 days.. but technically I should only be 4 and 4 days .. why do they factor those 2 extra weeks.. i wasn't pregnant on the first day of my last period .. help me understand